Anti-Black Riots Nationwide Timelines: Catto Postscript
From the summer through early fall, anti-black riots take place in more than three dozen places across the country. The anti-black riots resulted from post-World War I tensions over competition for jobs and housing. The time was coined the “Red Summer”, because it was so bloody. Philadelphia had riots on July 31. The highest fatality occured in rural Elaine, Arkansas where 240 blacks were killed.