This web portal feature is hosted and managed by Independence Hall Association, owner of ushistory.org. It was undertaken with the erection of the Catto Memorial at Philadelphia City Hall. Dedicated in September 2017, the memorial is the first public monument in Philadelphia on public lands honoring an African American, Octavius V. Catto.
When the Constitution was ratified, not all persons in the United States were considered citizens. Citizenship was contentious in America, despite the promise of liberty and equality in the Declaration of Independence. The Civil War marked an important turning point for the expansion of both citizenship and the way the world and Americans viewed immigration and American citizenship.
Like every person, O.V. Catto was shaped by his environment and people around him. The timeline here places Catto within the context of his life-shaping environments and events leading up to the birth of Martin Luther King. This extends the story out to the American Civil Rights story into the early 20th century.
The education resources here are grounded in “responsive teaching” pedagogic approach. It integrates academics with students’ social-emotional needs and skills to create an environment where students can do their best learning regardless of classroom settings. Also featured are: